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inferior epigastric artery
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If the lower ˝ of the rectus abdominis is removed along with the inferior epigastric artery to be used for repairing a wound elsewhere, the upper portion of the rectus abdominis will not die because it receives blood supply from the superior epigastric artery.

Direct hernias begin to exit through the abdominal wall medial to the inferior epigastric artery (through Hesselbach’s triangle), whereas indirect hernias begin to exit through the abdominal wall lateral to the inferior epigastric artery, through the deep inguinal ring.
Note:
1. Femoral hernias are as equally or more common in females than males, due to a relatively larger femoral ring (located medial to the femoral vein) in females.
2. Indirect hernias are the most common type of groin hernia in both sexes. However, young males have an increased risk of inguinal herniation due to the possibility of a patent processus vaginalis.
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