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great saphenous vein close
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This vein is commonly used in coronary bypass surgery. It is also used in femoropopliteal bypass surgery to connect the common femoral artery to the popliteal artery and bypass blockage of the superficial femoral artery in this procedure the great saphenous vein can be turned around so that its valves allow the distal flow of blood, or the valves can be stripped out if the vein is left in place. If the vein is removed for the bypass, tributaries of the great saphenous vein must be ligated to prevent the development of arteriovenous fistulae.
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