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sciatic nerve gluteal region
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The sciatic nerve may be injured during fracture or dislocation of the hip, hip surgery, intrapelvic tumor, trauma, a poorly placed injection, or compression for a long time (sitting in the library too long yes you).
If a patient simultaneously experiences paralysis of the lower leg muscles supplied by both the common peroneal and the tibial nerves, the examiner should suspect sciatic nerve injury. If the hamstrings are paralyzed as well the damage is above the proximal thigh. The test for the sciatic nerve is to have the patient flex their knee against resistance while palpating the hamstrings.
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